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 NABH Patient Safety & Quality of Care
 gknm hospital materinity

Osteoporosis causes bones to become weak and susceptible to fracture even with mild stress. Osteoporosis happens when creation of new bone does not keep up with removal of old bone. Osteoporosis related fractures most commonly happens in hip, wrist or spine. Osteoporosis can sometimes happen in children.

Risk Factors

Risk factor for osteoporosis includes

  • Old age, especially woman
  • Sedentary life style
  • Excessive alcohol or tobacco use
  • Patient taking long term steroids for other diseases
  • Family History

Risk Assessment

Your bone density can be measured by a machine (DEXA) using extremely low levels of X-ray to determine the proportion of mineral in your bones. This is a very simple quick test over in few seconds. The machine scans your bones and estimates your risk for fractures. The radiation doses are extremely low and can be safely repeated for monitoring response to treatment. DEXA scan is not recommended for pregnant women.

GKNM Hospital has installed the latest DEXA scanner to accurately measure the bone density. It has special protocols for Pediatrics to remove artifact from Orthopedic implants like screws and plates. Whole body scan can be done to measure the fat, lean mass (muscle) and bone mass in a person.

Bone mineral density testing (DEXA) is recommended for

  • Women more than 65 years and men more than 70 years (asymptomatic screening)
  • Women less than 65 years with additional risk of osteroporosis based on medical history
  • Individuals of  age 50 years or older who develop fracture with minimal or no trauma
  • Individuals receiving or expected to receive steroid therapy for more than 3 months
  • Long term therapy of anticonvulsant drugs, heparin etc.,
  • Diseases like hyper parathyroidism, hyperthyroidism, Cushings, chronic renal failure, rheumatoid arthiritis etc.,
  • Individuals receiving chemotherapy or radiotherapy

Contact Radiology Reception(0422 – 4305601) for assessing your bone mineral density.

No specific preparation is needed.

Children with the following diseases may need Bone Mineral Density test

  • Juvenile Osteoporosis
  • Osteogenis imperfecta
  • Chronic inflammatory diseases (Inflammatory bowel disease, Juvenile arthiritis, cystic fibrosis)
  • Chronic Immobilisation
  • Cancer Survivors
  • Children on long term steroids